Testosterone Hormone Replacement Therapy

Testosterone Hormone Replacement Therapy

Testosterone Hormone Replacement Therapy

The National Institutes of Health reports that up to five million men in the United States suffer from low testosterone levels. Low testosterone is typically diagnosed when blood levels fall below 300 nanograms per deciliter or ng/dL. The lack of sufficient hormone levels increases the risk of men experiencing a variety of symptoms, developing different health conditions or becoming victims of premature death. Low levels often necessitate testosterone hormone replacement therapy.

Function of Testosterone

When a boy enters into puberty, testosterone builds muscles, causes the voice to deepen, increases the size of sex organs and initiates sex drive. In adulthood, the hormone maintains the strength of bones and muscles along with regulating sexual interest. Testosterone also plays a role in red blood cell production. However by age 30, men begin producing less of the hormone at the rate of one to two percent every year. Some conditions accelerate the rate of decline.

These conditions include:

  • Chronic kidney or liver disease
  • Infection processes
  • Hormone disorders
  • Obesity
  • Testicular injuries
  • Testicular cancer and testicular cancer treatment
  • Type 2 diabetes

Low Testosterone Symptoms

The way in which the body responds to low testosterone varies from one individual to the next. Some men may suffer from levels ranging from 200 to 100 ng/dL and not experience symptoms. However, this does not mean that they are not at a health risk. Some of the more common symptoms of low testosterone include:

  • Anemia
  • Generalized fatigue
  • Decreased interest in sex
  • Decreased muscle mass and muscle strength
  • Depression or other mood changes
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Cognitive impairment or memory loss
  • Fragile bones or osteoporosis
  • Increased fat distribution and weight gain
  • Insulin resistance

Testosterone Hormone Replacement Therapy

Testosterone hormone replacement therapy comes in various forms.

  • Gel forms come in packets and are applied directly to the skin, which is then absorbed. Certain brands are applied inside of the nose.
  • Injections are inserted directly into a muscle, which allows the body to slowly absorb the hormone.
  • Implants come in the form of pellets that are inserted into soft tissues. The hormone is then slowly released and absorbed over time.
  • Mouth patches are in tablet form that are applied to the upper gum region inside of the mouth where the hormone is absorbed through the highly vascular tissues.
  • Transdermal patches are applied to the skin on an arm or the upper torso once daily.

Once treatment begins, men experience symptomatic relief. Testosterone levels are then monitored by a physician as needed.

If you would like to know more about Testosterone Hormone Replacement Therapy and would like to talk to us at Savannah Age Management Medicine please call us at (912) 925-6911 or click here  to fill out our contact form.

Harry Collins

Doctor Harry Collins is board certified by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, a Life Fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and a member of the Florida Osteopathic Medical Association. Dr. Collins received his certification in Age Management Medicine with the nationally renowned Cenegenics Medical Institute. Cenegenics' certification in Age Management Medicine is jointly sponsored by Cenegenics Education and Research Foundation (CERF) and the Foundation for Care Management in Las Vegas, Nevada. CERF and the Foundation for Care Management are accredited with honors by seven sponsoring organizations including the American Medical Association and American Board of Medical Specialties.

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